South Sumatra is on the island of Sumatra and borders the provinces of
Lampung to the south, Bengkulu to the west, and Jambi to the north. Off
the east coast are the islands of Bangka and Belitung, which were split
from South Sumatra province to form the new province of Bangka-Belitung
This province is divided into 10 regencies:
* Banyuasin (Pangkalan Balai)
* Lahat (Lahat)
* Muara Enim Regency (Muara Enim)
* Musi Banyuasin (Sekayu)
* Musi Rawas (Muara Beliti Baru)
* Ogan Ilir (Indralaya)
* Ogan Komering Ilir (Kayuagung)
* Ogan Komering Ulu (Baturaja)
* East Ogan Komering Ulu (Martapura)
* South Ogan Komering Ulu (Muaradua)
and 4 cities: Lubuklinggau, Pagar Alam, Palembang, and Prabumulih
Palembang is the capital city of South Sumatra and it was
formerly known as the capital city of the ancient Kingdom of Srivijaya.
Palembang has an area of 400,61 square kilometres.
One of the greatest kingdoms in Indonesian history, the Buddhist
Empire of Sriwijaya, prospered along the banks of Musi River in South
Sumatra over a thousand years ago. Located on the southern-most rim of
the South China Sea, close to the one of the world’s busiest shipping
lanes linking the Far East with Europe, the Region’s historical
background is rich and colourful. The Sriwijaya kingdom practised a
bustling and incrative trade with ancient China during its era of
powerful dynasties. In 672 the Chinese scholar, I Tsing, recorded that a
thousand monks and scholars could be seen translating and studying
Sanskrit in Palembang. Few relics of this memorable are remain.
Stretching from the foothills of the mighty Bukit Barisan mountain
range, this province is relatively flat but very fertile, with numerous
rivers cutting across the landscape and meandering their way to the sea.
Coffee and tea plantations are scattered across the province, but
area’s enormous wealth comes from oil, natural gas, coal, tin and quartz
Palembang is the second-largest city in Sumatra after Medan and the seventh-largest city in Indonesia.
Palembang landmarks include the Ampera bridge and the Musi River
which divides the city into two, Seberang Ilir to the north and Seberang
Ulu to the south. The Seberang Ilir is the economic and cultural centre
and the Seberang Ulu is the political centre.
|Area ||53,435.72 km2 (20,632 sq mi)|
|Ethnic groups ||Malay, Javanese, Komering, Musi Banyuasin, Sundanese|
|Religion ||Islam, Protestant, Catholic, Buddhism|
|Languages ||Malay, Indonesian, Minangkabau|
|National park ||Sembilang|
|Getting there ||Many domestic Airlines serve to
Palembang. Garuda Indonesia Airlines serve flight from Osaka, Tokyo,
Jeddah, Riyadh, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Singapore and Perth as well as
major cities in Indonesia to Palembang. Air Conditioned buses from Java
and Sumatra also available. |
History of Palembanng
The city was once the capital of the ancient, Buddhist kingdom of
Srivijaya that controlled a large part of what is now Malaysia and
Indonesia. Following a 1025 raid by the Chola Empire (In the period of
Emperor Rajendra Chola I) of southern India it began to gradually
decline in importance. Srivijaya's capital eventually moved northward to
Jambi. Palembang is also the origin of Parameswara, founder of the
The architectural legacy of Dutch colonization is still visible
in the city. Deep-water port facilities are built along the Musi River,
which flows through the city.
The naval Battle of Palembang was fought near the city during the
Second World War between February 13-February 15, 1942.
Palembangnese is a member of the Malays family, the people speak Malay
as their language but with their own dialect and they called it Bahasa
Palembang. Other people that are not native to Palembang but still came
from South Sumatra usually blended their language with Bahasa Palembang,
such as Bahasa Komering, Lahat, Rawas, etc. There are also the people
that came from outer South Sumatra. Most of them are Javanese, Chinese,
Arab, Indian, Minangkabau, and Sundanese.
The major religion in Palembang is Muslim. But many of the inhabitants
also practice Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Konghucu.
Palembang residents use a network of city mini-bus routes for the main form of public transport.
There are also traditional and speed boats that serve the people
who live near the riverside. The traditional boat is called the Ketek.
The city is served by Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Airport which
has scheduled flights to many cities in Indonesia and also to Singapore
by Silk Air and Malaysia by Air Asia. The latter destination being only
recently offered by the airport since it has been upgraded to an
international airport. This airport also serves other cities around
South Sumatra Province.
The Boom Baru Harbor is the main harbor of Palembang, it is
located and also connected Palembang with Bangka-Belitung Islands
Palembang also has three main harbors, Boom Baru Harbor (which is
the main harbor of Palembang, located on the north shore of Musi
River), 36 Ilir Harbor, and Tanjung Api-api Harbor. From here frequent
ferries connect Palembang to Muntok Harbor in Bangka Island,
Bangka-Belitung Islands Province and also to Batam Island.
South Sumatra is famous for Songket wearing which are made of
silk thread combined with gold thread. Palembang also famous for its
wood carving motifs which are influenced by the chinese and Buddhist.
The carving are dominated by decorations in the form of jasmine flower
and lotus that can be seen in the furnitures and lacquers. Palembang’s
famous fruits are pineaple and duku (Lansium domisticum).
|Places of Interest
Limas Traditional Houses are built along the river banks,
facing away from the water so daily household activities can be done in
privacy. These very ornate wooden houses are raised on stills, and are
usually 15-20 meters in width and from 30-60 meters, from Colums; door
and window frames to ventilation panels are intricately carved.
The State Museum is 5 Km from the airport. It has over 2,000 relics and antiquities from around the province make a visit worthwhile.
Curup Tenang Waterfall is 2 hours drive from Palembang. It
is a land of rivers and waterfalls, where the water cascades from a
height of 90 meters into deep pool.
Putri Cave is situated at the edge of Padang Windu
Village, 35 Km from Baturaja. It is 156 m long and 8-20 m wide. The
maximum height is 20 m. In the cave there are many stalagtites and
stalagmites and a stream which empties into River Ogan.
Ranau Lake is 125 Km from Baturaja. It is 8x16 sq km and surrounded hills and valleys in Mount Seminung.
Musi Festival, August 17 is Indonesia’s Independence Day
and is celebrated through out country by its people who actively
participate in difference kinds of activities. In Palembang the capital
of South Sumatra Province, the people have unique celebration with a
Bidar (canoe) race, held on Musi River which Meanders through the city.
The canoes are shaped to resemble animals heads each of which can hold
40 rowers in colorful out fits. It is a one day celebration and starts
after the flag hoisting ceremony in the morning, the followed by
exhibition of handicrafts and cultural performance.
The Megalithic Stone can be found in many areas in the
village of Tanjung Aro, 67 Kms from Lahat and Tinggi Hari Village, 11
Kms from Lahat. A mortar stone in Tebing Tinggi.
Mount Dempo, On the skirt of Mt. Dempo there are a
complete facilities to see the natural tea plantation in Pagar Alam it
is the highest peak in South Sumatra and might be reached directly from
Palembang city by car about 6 hours drive (295 kilometers). Enjoy the
mountain bike, camping, tea walk and hiking.
Sembilang National Park has a 45.000 sq hectares wildlife
reserve. It is a paradise for various kinds of birds (pelican, hornbill,
milky stork, etc) there are two kinds of Sumatran Crocodile and
||Ampera Bridge links two parts of Palembang city. Any true
‘Palembang’ experience must include a river trip. Bustling floating
markets and glimpses of traditional ways of life along the river will
stay with you long after you return home.